Measles is a viral infection that often causes fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis (pink eye), and a rash in both adults and children. In most cases, measles resolves on its own and those infected make a full recovery. In a small number of cases, measles infection can lead to severe complications including pneumonia, seizures, neurological disease, and death.
We have put together a list of the most important facts about measles for parents.
- Measles can be serious.
There is no way to tell in advance the severity of the symptoms the child can experience. According to the United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
About 1 in 4 people who get measles may be hospitalized
1 out of every 1,000 people with measles may develop some brain swelling, which could lead to brain damage
1 out of 1,000 people with measles may end in a fatality , even with the best care
Some of the more common measles symptoms include:
- Runny nose
- Red eyes
- Measles is very contagious.
Measles spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is so contagious that if one person has it, 9 out of 10 people around him or her will also become infected if they are not protected. The child can get measles just by being in a room where a person with measles has been, even up to two hours after that person has left. An infected person can spread measles to others even before knowing he/she has the disease.
- You have the power to protect your child against measles with a safe and effective vaccine.
The best protection against measles is the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. MMR vaccine provides long-lasting protection against all strains of measles. Your child needs two doses of MMR vaccine for best protection:
- The first dose at 12 through 15 months of age
- The second dose 4 through 6 years of age
For more information about measles and MMR vaccine, please contact AMC Tbilisi anytime at +995 32 250 00 20, firstname.lastname@example.org.